Gum disease will progress through three stages. From the least to the most severe are gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis respectively.
What are the sign and symptoms of gum disease?
Gum disease is usually painless, so it is important to be aware of symptoms.
• Loose teeth
• Red, swollen, tender or bleeding gums
• Gum recession
• Gums that loosen from the teeth
• Bad breath
• Bad taste
• Pus that surrounds the teeth
If you see teeth that start to look longer or become frequently sensitive to hot and cold, your gums may be receding and your tooth’s root might be exposed. Gum recession occurs gradually. Gum grafting treatments can help you prevent further loss of gum tissue.
What are the causes of gum recession?
Periodontal gum disease commonly causes gum recession. Initial infection can increase with hormone changes, inadequate oral hygiene, diabetes, genetic makeup, and illnesses. Smokers are also more likely to develop gum disease compared with non-smokers. Most tobacco products increase the risk of gum disease.
Aggressive and improper brushing techniques, extreme forces on teeth from clenching and grinding, and unusual forces that are caused by misaligned teeth can be reasons for gum recession. Tongue and lip piercing can irritate your gums and wear gum tissue down.
What are the treatments for gum recession?
Receding gums are caused mainly by gum disease and a heavy buildup of tartar. Professional cleaning has been suggested by ADA as the first step in stopping gum recession. Bacterial plaque and tartar buildup on your teeth can be removed with scaling and root planing. This will help in preventing further recession and promote healing of your gums.
If extensive recession has taken place, your dentist will recommend gum graft surgery, which not only repairs the damaged area, but helps in preventing additional infections.
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